1. Buffalo live mostly on the plains, but some are known to inhabit river valleys as well as forests… buffalo, bison, played an important role on the North American plains for many years.
2. True buffalo only live in Asia and Africa.
3. Plains Indians used every part of the buffalo to help them survive… hides were used for clothing, blankets and shelters… meat was used for food… bones were used for tools and toys… horns were used for cups and spoons… tendons were used for thread and bowstrings… buffalo chips were used for fuel.
4. Buffalo can be 6 to 7 feet long, stand from 5 to 6 feet tall and weigh up to 2,000 pounds… their size makes them the largest animal living in North America.
5. Buffalo's tail can be almost three feet long, and they use it to swap at pesky bugs.
6. Thick brown fur keeps them warm on the frigid and frozen plains during the winter months.
7. Buffalo also has a large hump on its back.
8. Buffalo are herbivores and feed on about 60 pounds of plant material and grasses a day.
9. Buffalo are considered to be an adult when they reach 3 years old… adults mate from July to October and it takes nine months for the calf to be born… when the calves are born they are a light tan color… they follow and are dependent on their mother for a least one year.