A Montgomery Sheriff's Department booking photo of Mrs. Parks. She was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus to a white man.
Rosa Parks riding a Montgomery, Ala., bus in December 1956, after the Supreme Court outlawed segregation on buses.
Name Rosa Louise McCauley
Date of Birth February 4, 1913
Date of Death October 24, 2005
Place of Birth Tuskegee, Alabama
Birth Family James McCauley and Leona Edwards
Marriage/Spouse Raymond Parks
Children no children
Education Montgomery Industrial School for Girls, al-African Amerian Booker T. Washington High School and attended Alabama state College for a short time
Career Seamstress, Civil Rights Activist, Writer
Reason for Fame Most historians date the beginning of the civil rights movement in the United States to December 1, 1955. On that day, Rosa Parks, refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama. She was arrested and fined for violating a city ordinance, but her act of defiance began a movement that ended legal segregation in America, and made her an inspiration to freedom-loving people everywhere. Rosa Parks is called the Mother of the modern-day CCivil Rights Movement
Additional Information Rosa Parks received many awards and honors which included the Presidential Medal of Freedom and Congressional Gold Medal. She was awarded two dozen honorary doctorates from universities world wide.