1. Harriet Tubman was named Araminta Ross when she was born around 1820 in Bucktown, Maryland.
2. Araminta changed her name to Harriet to honor her mother, and when she married John Tubman her last name changed also.
3. When Harriet was twelve years old an overseer threw an iron weight at her and struck her in the head… she was standing up for another slave… for the rest of her life she suffered from blackouts and headaches.
4. At the age of 30 in 1849, Harriet ran away to the North and ended up in Philadelphia… she learned about a movement to abolish slavery and a group of people who were dedicated to helping slaves escape to the North… these people created the Underground Railroad.
5. The Underground Raillroad wasn’t an actual railroad… It was a path that slaves traveled at night with the help of conductors, or people who guided them from safehouse to safehouse until they had reached the North… the station masters were the people who lived at the safehouse… these houses could be identified by the candles or lanterns that sat in the window.
6. Harriet made about 13 trips to the South and helped hundreds of slaves reach the safety of the North.
7. When the Civil War broke out, Harriet Tubman worked as a cook, nurse and spy for the Union Army.
8. Harriet Tubman was known as Moses after the Biblical Moses. He led his people out of Egypt and Harriet led her people out of the South and out of slavery.
9. She worked for the rights of African Americans until she died on March 10, 1913, at the age of 93.
10. Harriet Tubman has been honored many times since her death for her bravery and humanitarian efforts.